English Instructions

Contact information

Please consult the list of editors. (”Vastaava päätoimittaja” = editor in chief.)

The yearly publication schedule

Spring issue:

Deadline for article manuscripts 15 Jan
Deadline for other materials 1 March
The journal comes out in May

Autumn issue:

Deadline for article manuscripts 15 Aug
Deadline for other materials 30 Sept
The journal comes out in Dec


Technical instructions for writing an article

The recommended length for an article is 15–20 sheets, and 10–15 sheets for a report (line spacing 1.5 and font size 12 dpi Times New Roman). The maximum length of reviews, columns and seminar reports is five (5) sheets.

The text should be unformatted. Italics is the only allowed means of emphasizing the text. Hyphenation and indentation should not be used. Paragraphs are separated from each other with one empty line (enter). Long quotations should be separated from the main text with an empty line. The subtitles are to be bolded. It is recommended that only one level of subtitles is used.

Source references should be written in parentheses within the main text, e.g. (Millar 1996, 31–36). The reference includes the author’s last name, publication year of the source and the page(s) separated with a comma. If there are two authors the form is: (Davis & Turner 1970, 23–25). If there are more than two authors, the form is: (Johnson et al. 1999, 4–5). Use of endnotes is not recommended. In case they are used, please keep their number and lenght to a minimum.

Other instructions

Foreign words, keywords and words originating from dialects are marked with italics when they are mentioned for the first time. The titles of books and journals are marked with italics. Hyphen and dash are used for separate purposes. Dash is created by typing: CTRL+ minus sign in the numeric keypad. Dash is used to connect groups of words to other groups. The dash e.g. separates words in the middle of a sentence from the rest of the sentence, or it leads to material at the end of a sentence. Dash is also used when indicating the limits of values or variables, e.g. between numbers and words. For e.g. 1960s–1970s, earth–heaven divide. Quotation marks and half-quotation marks are written in the Finnish form ”xx”, ’x’. The quotation marks can be created by typing ALT0148 and half quotation marks by typing ALT0146. The apostrophe (’) must not be confused with the accent mark (´).

Pictures, tables and special characters

Pictures that are used in the text should be sent to the editors together with the final version of the text. The maximum number of images per text is three (3). The editorial board preserves the right not to publish sent pictures. The author must check if there are any copyright- or publication fees connected to the pictures.

The pictures should be sent in a digital format via e-mail or on a CD. The pictures are scanned/formatted on 300dpi resolution. They are saved as individual images either in *.jpg, *.tiff or *.gif format. Each picture is numbered, and the picture placements in the text are designated with matching numbers. For example:

This picture represents something. Picture: John Jones 2004.

If tables or special characters are used in the text, the text should be sent to the editors in a printed form as well.

Marking the Sources

The list of sources is placed at the very end of the text.

1. Research materials

Research materials are grouped according to the type of the material (archive material, newspapers, etc.) and the name of the archive. Otherwise the practises recommended the archives are to be used.


Archive material:

The Archives of the Turku University School of Cultural Studies. 
– TKU/P/00/51. Picture of something, year 2000. Photographer: N.N.
An interview of something, year 1998. Interviewer: N. N.
– TKU/A/98/65: woman, b. 1924.


All items in the bibliography are arranged alphabetically. Please check the bibliographical style for books, articles, and digital sources from the following examples!


Last Name, First Name, year of publication: Title of the book in italics. Home place of the publisher: Publisher.

Durkheim, Émile 1995: The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York: Free Press. [1912]

Huuskonen, Marjut 1998a: Matka kertomusten maailmaan. Tapausanalyysi Tenojokilaakson saamelaisten suullisesta perinteestä. Licentiate thesis. Turku: University of Turku, Department of Cultural Studies.

Articles in books:

Last name, First name, Year of publication, Name of the article. – Last name, First name (ed.), Name of the publication in italics. Publishers home place: Publisher.

Babcock-Abrahams, Barbara 1976: The Story in the Story: Metanarration in Folknarrative. – Pentikäinen, Juha & Juurikka, Tuula (eds.), Folk Narrative Research. Studia Fennca 20. Helsinki: Finnish Literature Society.

Articles in scientific journals:

Last name, First name, Year of publication, Name of the article. – Last name, first name (ed.), Name of the publication in italics. Publishers home place: publisher.

Huuskonen, Marjut & Enges, Pasi 1998: Berättandets lokala betydelser. Tolknings-möjligheter för gammalt intervjumaterial. – Nord Nytt 70(3): 51–65.

Digital sources:

The principle is same as in books and articles. In the end of the source page’s name is added: [online]. The URL-address is marked, and in the end the date of printing the article is added: < http://www.someaddress.fi > [dd.mm.yyyy].

Fingerroos, Outi 2002: Liikettä tämän- ja tuonilmasen välillä. – Elore 9(1) [online]. 
< http://cc.joensuu.fi/~loristi/1_02/fin102a.html > [13.3.2004.]

Suomen sotasurmat 1914–1922. Vuosina 1914–1922 sotaoloissa surmansa saaneiden nimitiedosto [online].
< http://vesta.narc.fi/cgi-bin/db2www/sotasurmaetusivu/main >. [19.1.2005.]